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Technical Papers

Discover more about the energy issues through the technical papers written by our experts
08 . 01 . 2019
Aaron Snyder
The Resiliency Continuum
Storm damage can wreak havoc on the electrical distribution system and instantaneously create a major impact on those who continuously depend on unfettered access to electrical energy. “Keeping the lights on” is a bedrock principle of utility operations, but is increasingly being challenged by more frequent and turbulent natural disasters. The quest for greater utility […]
01 . 11 . 2011
Bruno Cova
Market integration in Europe
​The approval of the Third Energy Package in 2009 marked the start of a further stage in powermarket integration in Europe. Following the wake of the Third Energy Package, the objective of attaining an efficient pan-European electricity market has been given the highest priority to increase competitiveness, foster thepenetration of RES generation and also enhance […]
03 . 01 . 2011
Stefano Malgarotti
The new France-Spain interconnector: a long path to social acceptance in France
To secure electricity supply to consumers , foster Renewable Energy Sources integration and favour an efficient internal electricity market, the European Commission has adopted a recent communication in which European Member States and Transmission System Operators are urged to develop interconnections between national grids. However, the development of new lines – should they be overhead […]
06 . 04 . 2010
Stefano Malgarotti
Linking Europe to Africa through long distance HVDC submarine interconnectors: methodology applied to the feasibility study and technical challenges to be overcome
HVDC  links  are  becoming  an  increasingly  popular  solution  to  interconnect  previously  isolated systems or to establish new corridors within highly meshed networks. As a matter of fact, HVDC links show outstanding advantages with respect to HVAC corridors such as full controllability of power flow avoiding the creation of parallel or, even, loop flows in meshed […]
01 . 01 . 2008
Stefano Malgarotti
Experience of HVDC Interconnection Italy-France called “Piemonte-Savoie” Problems connected with EMF – ELF Study of interferences with other services in tunnel
This paper presents the main results of the studies carried out for the project of High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) Interconnection between Italy and France, called “Piemonte-Savoie” about electromagnetic interferences with other services. The project has been jointly performed by TERNA and RTE and the studies have been made with the support of the Italian […]